Latent Power Turbines The proof of concept experiments We have decided to release the design for our original experiments, in the hope that it will be replicated and validated by an independent research group at the earliest possible opportunity. Latent Power Turbine theory makes two predictions:
Testing the first
prediction Figure 1. In separate
experiments, warm gas then saturated vapour are passed through a
constriction. Pointes to note: (i) Small scale experiments will be dominated by drag. Even so, the differences in behaviour are very clear. (ii) For large scale experiments, where drag is not a significant problem, Bernoulli's equation should make predictions in fairly good agreement with the measured gas flow data (iii) Bernoulli's equation breaks down when a saturated vapour flows through the constriction. (See note below.) Testing the second
prediction Figure 2. In separate
experiments, warm gas then saturated vapour will be passed through a turbine.
If you carry out this experiment and compare the measured efficiency with the maximum efficiency predicted by the Carnot equation, you will come to a startling conclusion. Our TSB report explains how the results are consistent with the laws of thermodynamics.
A note on Bernoulli’s equation Gases are
compressible; nevertheless, changes in pressure can be estimated with a fair
degree of accuracy using Bernoulli’s equation. This states that for an
incompressible, nonviscous fluid undergoing steady flow, Thus, p + 1/2rv^{2} + rgh = A constant An extended form of Bernoulli’s equation that caters for viscous drag effects has been used by engineers for at least fifty years [1], but the question of phase changes due to condensation or evaporation does not appear to have been addressed. Modifying
Bernoulli’s equation to cater
for saturated vapours
In order
to produce an equation that is useful for all types of vapour an additional term
dQ_{l }/dV
needs to be added to the basic
equation. Thus the generalised form of Bernoulli’s equation is p + 1/2rv^{2} + rgh  dQ_{L }/dV = A constant When condensation occurs and latent heat is liberated, the minus sign is retained in front of the latent heat term. A positive sign is used if evaporation occurs and latent heat is absorbed. Reference
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